With the application since December 2000, of the total ban to use meat and bone meals in feed destined for farmed animals, it was very important to collect existing samples to use them as reference samples to develop and test the new methods of detection. The STRATFEED project aims to build an European samples bank of feed ingredients, meat and bone meals, feedingstuffs with and without animal meals. This bank includes around 2100 samples coming from different European countries.
The samples bank aims to the conservation of feed materials and feed samples under stable conditions, as well as the homogeneous distribution of these samples to the laboratories where they will be analysed. It is desirable that those samples don't deteriorate and/or get lost, because they have an important and expensive associate information and that they have a high value like reference samples. For this reason it's important to optimise the conservation conditions and to keep the characterization and any information regarding each sample.
The constitution of a samples bank is carried out in 5 steps
- the collect of samples
- the samples selection
- the building of a database
The STRATFEED project aims also at editing publications.
To constitute a samples bank, the main step is the collect of the samples.
In the frame of the STRATFEED project, those samples come from
Those samples are sent to UCO in charge to store them.
The 2nd step linked to the first is to collect the information about each sample.
An inventory form (Figure 1) containing a number of fields enabling sample definition and characterisation (feedingstuffs and animal meals) has been created. The formula of samples gathered in the samples bank, were described according to the EC guidelines of the Commission Directive 98/67/EC amending Council Directive 96/25/EC. For some of them, chemical composition was also described. The purpose of this form is to collect existing information, to be used in the development, validation and implementation of the techniques studied in the project.
Figure 1. : Inventory form.
All information supplied by inventory form was gathered and summarised. This information recorded was used to select the samples to include in the samples bank, depending of their conservation status, of their specificity in order to have the best variability of the samples population to be used for developing the various scientific methods. To date, the STRATFEED samples bank includes 833 feed materials (MBM, poultry meal, cattle meal, pig meal, ovine meal and fish meal) and 1644 compound feedingstuffs (poultry feed, ruminant feed, pig feed, fish feed, dog feed and rabbit feed) coming from 10 partners through European countries.
All the samples selected were prepared for long term preservation following 3 steps:
When the compound feed or animal meal sample is too large, it should be properly reduced to obtain a representative sample of 100 - 200 g. for the Samples Bank. To do this, the quartering procedure is used. This consists to
If the sample is still too large, the procedure is repeated until the proper sample size 100-200 gr. is obtained. Then the sample is placed in an airtight plastic bag
Figure 2. : The homogenizing and quartering samples.
Vacuum-packaging in polyethylene and aluminium multilayer bags (PET/ALU/PET/PE):
- oxygen permeability <0.2 (cc.m2/24h/Bar)
- water permeability <0.2 (mg/m2/24h)
Figure 3. : The packaging.
Storage in vacuum-packed bags in plastic containers in controlled conditions in a cold room (4º C and 10% Humidity).
Figure 4. : The storage.
All information collected for each sample, regarding
was structured and integrated in a global computer information system providing database, management tool and exploring tool (STRATFEED Information system)
Garrido Varo, A., Perez Marin, D., Guerrero, J.E., Gomez Cabrera, A., von Holst, C., Murray, I., van Raamsdonk, L. & Zegers, J. (2005). Construction of the STRATFEED Sample bank and preparation of sample sets (WP2). In: Strategies and methods to detect and quantify mammalian tissues in feedingstuffs, Bruxelles, European Commission, 18p.
This work was coordinated by CRA-W in collaboration with JRC-IRMM, AFSCA, FUSAGx, RIKILT, NUTRECO, SAC, ISS, UCO, LAGC, ALP, LUFA and PDIR
Walloon Agricultural Research Centre
Dr Pierre Dardenne, Dr Vincent Baeten, Dr Gilbert Berben,
Dr R. Oger, Ir Philippe Vermeulen
Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements
European Commission - DG - Joint Research Centre
Dr Christoph von Holst
Federal Feed & Food Laboratory of Tervuren
Ir Jeroen Vancutsem
Gembloux Agricultural University
Prof Daniel Portetelle
Institute of Food Safety
Dr Jacob de Jong, Dr Leo van Raamsdonk, Dr Henk Aarts, Mr Rob Frankhuizen
Ir Jos Zegers
Scottish Agricultural College
Dr Ian Murray, Rhona Patterson
Italian National Institute of Health
Dr Gianfranco Brambilla, Dr Gabriele Vaccari
School of Agriculture and Forestry Engineering of the University of Cordoba
Prof Dr Augusto Gomez Cabrera, Prof Dr José Emilio Guerrero Ginel
Laboratory of the autonomous government of Catalonia
Dr Jaume Bosch, Dr Silvia Termes